Importance Of A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. This article will provide you with the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology that contains the following:
Clinical microbiology – this course surrounds five various units of science. The units are virology, parasitology, bacteriology, mycology, and immunology.
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – this units that are under this section are the manual and automated analysis of blood cells. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
The subspecialty which is the cytogenetics is also studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
The distribution of the clinical laboratories in different health institutions will differ from different places. An example for this is some facilities might not have a laboratory for microbiology but will have separate labs for each unit, while some health institutions will have one laboratory intended for microbiology.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. The main task here is focused with cultures, to find out the suspected pathogens that will be further identified with several biochemical tests if found. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. The results will be reported with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and number of drugs that will be given to the patient.
Different class of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The laboratories that are attached to the hospitals will perform different tests for the patients. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. You can look into a website if you want to know more about medical laboratories.